IDO MOVEMENT FOR CULTURE

Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

"Ido Movement for Culture"
Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

vol16
Published by Committee of Scientific Research of the Idokan Poland Association®
in Rzeszów in cooperation with University of Rzeszów.
theory of culture, psychophysical culture, cultural tourism, anthropology
of martial arts, combat sports
Japanese term ido refers to movement, philosophy of perpetual movement, the way of martial arts
and medicine of martial arts.
Formerly
SCIENTIFIC YEAR'S ISSUE
IDO - RUCH DLA KULTURY
Movement for Culture

The Lykeion Library Edition, vol. 23,                     Ido Movement for Culture, vol. 16, no. 1-4

RZESZÓW 2016


Vol. 16, no. 1-4 (2016)

REVIEWERS OF ARTICLES FROM OUTSIDE THE EDITORIAL AND SCIENTIFIC BOARD:

Prof. AWF, Dr habil. Tadeusz Ambrozy (Cracow, Poland)
Prof. Dr Georg Anders (Koeln, Germany)
Prof. Dr William Beezley (Arizona, USA)
Prof. Dr Alexander Bennett (Kansai, Japan)
Doc. Dr Maria Blahutkova (Brno, Czech Rep.)
Prof. Dr Boris Blumstein (Wingate, Israel)
Prof. Dr Zbigniew Dziubinski (Warsaw, Poland)
Prof Dr Raquel Escobar Molina (Granada, Spain)
Prof. Dr Lauren M. Griffith (Hanover, USA)
Prof. Dr Peter Harmer (Willamette, USA)
Prof. Dr Anita Hoekelmann (Magdeburg, Germany)
Doc. Dr Emanuel Hurych (Jihlava, Czech Rep.)
Prof. Dr Emanuele Isidori (Rome, Italy)
Prof. Dr Stanislav Ivanov (Varna, Bulgaria)
Prof. Dr Rudolf Jakhel (Ljubljana, Slovenia)
Prof. AWF, Dr habil. Marek Kazimierczak (Poznan, Poland)
Prof. Dr Anatole A. Klyosov (Massachusetts, USA)
Dr Oliver Koenig (Vienna, Austria)
Prof. Dr Maximiliano Korstenje (Palermo, Argentina)
Prof. Dr Stanislaw Kowalczyk (KUL, Poland)
Prof. Dr Stanislaw Kowalik (Poznan, Poland)
Prof. PO, Dr habil. Cezary Kusnierz (Opole, Poland)
Prof. Dr Andrew Lane (Wolverhampton, UK)
Prof. Dr James Lee-Barron (Lancashire, UK)
Prof. Dr Ramon Llopis-Goig (Valencia, Spain)
Prof. AWF, Dr habil. Marek Luczak (Poznan, Poland)
Prof. Dr Salome Marivoet (Coimbra, Portugal)
Prof Dr Fuminori Nakiri (Waseda, Japan)
Prof. UR, Dr habil. Andrzej Nowakowski (Rzeszow, Poland)
Prof. Dr Georg T. Papanikos (Athens, Greece)
Prof. Dr Jim Parry (Prague, Czech Rep.)
Dr Mikel Perez-Gutierrez (Cervantes, Spain)
Prof. Dr Matthias Rohring Assuncao (Essex, UK)
Dr Vitor Rosa (Paris Oust, France)
Dr Michael J. Ryan (Binghampton, USA)
Prof. Dr Ales Sekot (Brno, Czech Rep.)
Prof. Dr Jiri Stelzer (Valdosta, USA)
Dr Gabriel Szajna (Rzeszow, Poland)
Prof. Dr Antonio VencesBrito (Rio Maior, Portugal)
Prof. Dr Jikkemien Vertonghen (Vrije, Belgium)
Dr Michal Vit (Brno, Czech Republic)
Prof. Dr Tristan Wallhead (Wyoming, USA)
Prof. Dr Charlene Weaving (St. Francis Xavier, Canada)
Prof. Dr Otmar Weiss (Vienna, Austria)
Prof. Dr Jong-Hoon Yu (Glenville , USA)

EDITORIAL BOARD:

Prof. Dr Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko (USA) – University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (kinesiology)
Doc. Dr Milan Duricek (Slovakia) – (tourism and recreation)
Prof. Dr Henning Eichberg (Denmark) – University of Southern Denmark (anthropology, sociology of sport)
Prof. Dr Abel A. Figueiredo (Portugal) – Polytechnic Institute of Viseu (sport sciences, combat sports)
Prof. Dr Emerson Franchini (Brazil) - University of Sao Paulo (sport sciences, combat sports)
Prof. Dr Shaun M. Galloway (UK) – University of Wolverhampton (coaching, psychology)
Prof. Dr Thomas A. Green (USA) – Texas A&M University (cultural anthropology)
Prof. Dr Carlos Gutierrez-Garcia (Spain) – University of Leon (sport sciences, history)
Prof. Dr Ivo Jirasek (Czech Republic) – University of Olomouc (philosophy)
Prof. Dr Jong-Young Lee (South Korea) – Suwon University (cultural anthropology)
Prof. Dr Will Munsters (Holland) – Zuyd University, Maastricht (culturology, tourism)
Prof. Dr Willy Pieter (Czech Rep.) – Masaryk University of Brno (sport sciences)
Prof. UR, Dr habil. Mieczysław Radochonski (Poland) - University of Rzeszow (psychology)
Prof. Dr Satoshi Shimizu (Japan) – Tsukuba University (sociology)

SCIENTIFIC / ADVISORY BOARD:

Prof. Dr Magdy Abuzeid (Egypt) – Alexandria University (kinesiology)
Prof. Dr Karl-H. Bette (Germany) – Institute for Sport Science, Technical University Darmstadt (sociology of sport)
Prof. Dr Mojca Doupona Topic (Slovenia) – University of Ljubljana (sociology of sport)
Doc. Dr Magdalena Duricek (Slovakia) – (psychology)
Prof. PUNO, Dr habil. Sven R. Hooge (UK) – (cultural anthropology)
Prof. Dr Hannu Itkonen (Finland) – University of Jyvaskyla (sociology of sport)
Prof. Dr Jan Junger (Slovakia) – University of Presov (sport and physical education)
Prof. Dr Keith R. Kernspecht (Bulgaria) – University of Plovdiv & National Sportacademy in Sofia
(sport sciences, martial arts)
Prof. UR, Dr habil. Jerzy Kitowski (Poland) – Uniwersytet Rzeszowski (economics, geography)
Prof. Dr Helmut Kogel (Germany) – University of Ulm (medical sciences, martial arts)
Prof. Dr Marian Kozaczka (Poland) – KUL, Lublin (history, economics)
Prof. Dr Zbigniew Krawczyk (Poland) – Wyzsza Szkoła Ekonomiczna „Almamer”, Warsaw (sociology, theory of physical culture, tourism)
Prof. Dr Jozef Lipiec (Poland) – Univ. Jagiellonski (philosophy)
Doc. Dr Uladzimier Lukievic (Belarus) – State University of Brest (culturology, physical culture sciences)
Prof. Dr Marian Malikowski (Poland) – Uniwersytet Rzeszowski (sociology, methodology)
Prof. Dr Juliusz Migasiewicz (Poland) – Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Wrocław (sport sciences)
Prof. Dr Bohdan M. Mytskan (Ukraine) – Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk (biology, physical culture sciences)
Prof. Dr Chen Ning (China) – China West Normal University, Sichuan (physical culture sciences)
Prof. Dr Cong Ningli (China) – Chengdu Sport University, Sichuan (physical education)
Prof. Dr Wojciech Pasterniak (Poland) – Gnieznienska Wyzsza Szkoła Milenium in Gniezno (philology, pedagogy)
Prof. Dr Sergio Raimondo (Italy) – Cassino University (history, sociology)
Prof. Dr Matthias von Saldern (Germany) – Univ. Lueneburg (pedagogy, martial arts)
Prof. Dr Taketo Sasaki (Japan) – Fukushima University (biomechanics, physiology, martial arts)
Prof. Dr Hrvoje Sertic (Croatia) – Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb (kinesiology)
Prof. Dr Stanisław Sterkowicz (Poland) – Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Krakow (sport sciences, combat sports and martial arts)
Prof. Dr Włodzimierz Starosta (Poland) – Instytut Sportu, Warszawa (kinesiology)
Prof. Dr Andrzej Szyszko-Bohusz (Poland) – Luzycka College of Humanities in Zary (pedagogy, psychology)
Prof. Dr Craig Webster (Cyprus) – University of Nicosia (sociology, tourism)
Prof. Dr Howard Z. Zeng (USA) – Brooklyn College, City University of New York (sport pedagogy)

BOARD OF EXPERTS:

Prof. Dr Chuchchai Gomaratut (Thailand) – University of Bangkok, GM of Thai martial arts
Prof. EJKC Roland Habersetzer (France) – 9 dan karatedo, sogo-budo tengu-no michi, soke, Tengu Institute, St. Nabor (history, martial arts)
Prof. Dr Keith R. Kernspecht (Bulgaria, Germany) – GM, 10th degree Wing Tsun kung-fu, 6th degree escrima (fighting, martial arts)
Prof. Dr James R. Lee-Barron (UK) – 9 dan jujutsu, hanshi, president of IMAS (education, martial arts)
Dr Roland J. Maroteaux (France) – 9 dan aiki-jujutsu, hanshi, WTMF Avignon (philosophy, martial arts)
Prof. EJKC Lothar Sieber meijin (Germany) - 10 dan jujutsu, karate & ido, IPA & DDBV, Munich (fighting, martial arts)
Dr Jan Slopecki hanshi (Poland) - 10 dan jujutsu, European Martial Arts Committee president, Warsaw (physical culture, martial arts)
Prof. Dr Wojciech Zablocki (Poland) - GM of fencing, IPA, Warsaw (architecture, hoplology)


EDITORIAL STAFF

Editor-in-Chief – Prof. Dr habil. Wojciech J. Cynarski
Co-Editor – Doc. Dr habil. Zdenko Reguli (Czech Rep.)
Statistical Editors – Doc. Dr Wojciech Blazejewski, Prof. UR, Dr habil. Beata Szluz
Assistant Editors – mgr Adrian Piorko-Pawlinski, mgr Przemyslaw Pawelec
Proofreaders – mgr Joanna Skowron, Marjolein Thrower (UK)
Project of Cover – mgr Ryszard Spiewak, mgr Adrian Piorko-Pawlinski

Journal was founded with a resolution of the Idōkan Polska

Ass. Headquarters in Rzeszów, May 25, 2000.


Funding bodies:

Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Idokan
Polska Ass., with support of the University of Rzeszów
Copyright © 2012 by Committee of Scientific Research,
Stowarzyszenie Idokan Polska®, Poland


Publisher:

Stowarzyszenie Idōkan Polska /
Idōkan Poland Association in Rzeszów,
ul. Towarnickiego 3, PL - 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
(www.idokan.pl)


Editorial & Publisher

(address for correspondence and submission):
Prof. Dr habil. Wojciech J. Cynarski,
Zawale Str. 27, PL - 38–100 Strzyżów, Poland
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Typesetting, pagination and editing:
 Wojciech Paczek

Printed in Poland, Printing:
 ........

Edition: 100 copies

old ISSN PL-1730-2064, new p-ISSN 2084-3763; e-ISSN 2082-7571 (priority for references)


Indexed in:

MNiSW / Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education – 8 points (since Jan. 2016)
Polish Scholarly Bibliography / POL-index
ARIANTA. NAUKOWE I BRANŻOWE POLSKIE CZASOPISMA ELEKTRONICZNE
BazHum
CEJSH / The Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
DOAJ - Directory of Open Access Journals
EBSCO / SPORT Discus
Elsevier / SCOPUS (Scimago Journal Rank, SJR 2015: 0.198)
ERIH PLUS
Index Copernicus International – ICV = 81.38 / 7.70 (for 2014)
and Google Scholar