IDO MOVEMENT FOR CULTURE

Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

"Ido Movement for Culture"
Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

vol15
Published by Committee of Scientific Research of the Idokan Poland Association®
in Rzeszów in cooperation with University of Rzeszów.
theory of culture, psychophysical culture, cultural tourism, anthropology
of martial arts, combat sports
Japanese term ido refers to movement, philosophy of perpetual movement, the way of martial arts
and medicine of martial arts.
Formerly
SCIENTIFIC YEAR'S ISSUE
IDO - RUCH DLA KULTURY
Movement for Culture

The Lykeion Library Edition, vol. 18,                     Ido Movement for Culture, vol. 13, no. 1-4

RZESZÓW 2013


Vol. 13, no. 1-4 (2013)

REVIEWERS OF ARTICLES FROM OUTSIDE
THE EDITORIAL AND SCIENTIFIC BOARD:

Prof. Dr Raquel Escobar Molina (Spain)
Prof. Dr Fatih Hazar (Turkey)
Prof. Dr habil. Krzysztof S. Klukowski (Poland)
Prof. Dr James Lee-Barron (UK)
Dr hab. Michał Lenartowicz (Poland)
Prof. UMCS Dr habil. Jerzy Libera (Poland)
Dr Artur Litwiniuk (Poland)
Prof. Dr Igor Khrapunov (Ukraine)
Dr Marjan Melkert (The Netherlands)
Prof. Dr Raquel Escobar-Molina (Spain)
Prof.. Dr Nicola Porro (Italy)
Doc. Dr Zdenko Reguli (Czech Republic)
Prof. UR Dr habil. Jerzy Rut (Poland)
Prof. Dr Aleš Sekot (Czech Rep.)
Dr Baris Sentuna (Turkey)
Prof. Dr Fumiaki Shishida (Japan)
Dr Jan Słopecki (Poland)
Prof. Dr habil. Stanisław Tokarski (Poland)
Prof. Dr António Vences de Brito (Portugal)
Prof. Jokkemien Vertongen (Belgium)
Dr Michal Vit (Czech Republic)


EDITORIAL BOARD:

Prof. Dr Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko (USA) – University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (kinesiology)
Doc. Dr habil. Milan Ďuriček (Slovakia) – WSIiZ, Rzeszów (tourism and recreation)
Prof. Dr habil. Henning Eichberg (Denmark) – University of Southern Denmark (anthropology, sociology of sport)
Prof. Dr Abel A. Figueiredo (Portugal) – Polytechnic Institute of Viseu (sport sciences, combat sports)
Prof. Dr Emerson Franchini (Brazil) - University of Sao Paulo (sport sciences, combat sports)
Prof. Dr Shaun M. Galloway (UK) – University of Wolverhampton (coaching, psychology)
Prof. Dr Thomas A. Green (USA) – Texas A&M University (cultural anthropology)
Prof. Dr Carlos Gutiérrez-García (Spain) – University of León (sport sciences, history)
Prof. Dr habil. Ivo Jirásek (Czech Republic) – University of Olomouc (philosophy of sport)
Prof. Dr Jong-Young Lee (South Korea) – Suwon University (cultural anthropology)
Prof. Dr habil. Will Munsters (Holland) – Zuyd University, Maastricht (culturology, tourism)
Prof. Dr Willy Pieter (South Korea) – Keimyung University, Sindong-dong (sport sciences)
Prof. UR Dr habil. Mieczysław Radochoński (Poland) - University of Rzeszów (psychology)
Prof. Dr Satoshi Shimizu (Japan) – Tsukuba University (sociology)


SCIENTIFIC / ADVISORY BOARD:

Prof. Dr Magdy Abuzeid (Egypt) – Alexandria University (kinesiology)
Prof. Dr habil. Karl-H. Bette (Germany) – Institute for Sport Science, Technical University Darmstadt (sociology of sport)
Prof. Dr Mojca Doupona Topič (Slovenia) – University of Ljubljana (sociology of sport)
Doc. Dr habil. Magdalena Ďuriček (Slovakia) – WSIiZ Rzeszów (psychology)
Prof. PUNO Dr habil. Sven R. Hooge (UK) – PUNO London (cultural anthropology)
Prof. Dr Hannu Itkonen (Finland) – University of Jyväskylä (sociology of sport)
Prof. AWFiS w Gdańsku, Dr habil. Władysław Jagiełło (Poland) – AWFiS in Gdańsk (theory of sport, combat
sports)
Prof. Dr habil. Ján Junger (Slovakia) – University of Prešov (sport and physical education)
Prof. Dr habil. Roman Maciej Kalina (Poland) – Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Katowice (sport sciences,
combat sports)
Prof. UP Dr habil. Keith R. Kernspecht (Bulgaria) – University of Plovdiv & National Sportacademy in Sofia
(sport sciences, martial arts)
Prof. UR Dr habil. Jerzy Kitowski (Poland) – Uniwersytet Rzeszowski (economics, geography)
Prof. Dr Helmut Kogel (Germany) – University of Ulm (medical sciences, martial arts)
Prof. Dr habil. Jerzy Kosiewicz (Poland) – Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Warszawa (philosophy,
methodology, physical culture)
Prof. Dr habil. Marian Kozaczka (Poland) – KUL, Lublin (history, economics)
Prof. Dr habil. Zbigniew Krawczyk (Poland) – Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomiczna „Almamer”, Warszawa (sociology,
theory of physical culture, tourism)
Prof. Dr habil. Józef Langfort (Poland) - Polish Academy of Sciences & AWF Katowice (medical sciences, sport sciences)
Prof. Dr habil. Józef Lipiec (Poland) – Uniwersytet Jagielloński (philosophy)
Doc. Dr Uładzimier Lukievič (Belarus) – State University of Brest (culturology, physical culture
sciences)
Prof. Dr habil. Marian Malikowski (Poland) – Uniwersytet Rzeszowski (sociology, methodology)
Prof. Dr habil. Juliusz Migasiewicz (Poland) – Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Wrocław (sport sciences)
Prof. Dr habil. Bohdan M. Mytskan (Ukraine) – Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk
(biology, physical culture sciences)
Prof. Dr Chen Ning (China) – China West Normal University, Sichuan (physical culture sciences)
Prof. Dr Cong Ningli (China) – Chengdu Sport University, Sichuan (physical education)
Prof. Dr habil. Wojciech Pasterniak (Poland) – Gnieźnieńska Wyższa Szkoła Milenium in Gniezno (philology, pedagogy)
Prof. Dr habil. Mirosław Ponczek (Poland) – Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Katowice (history, physical
culture)
Prof. Dr Sergio Raimondo (Italy) – Cassino University (history, sociology)
Prof. Dr habil. Matthias von Saldern (Germany) – Universität Lüneburg (pedagogy, martial arts)
Prof. Dr Taketo Sasaki (Japan) – Fukushima University (biomechanics, physiology, martial arts)
Prof. Dr Hrvoje Sertić (Croatia) – Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb (kinesiology)
Prof. Dr habil. Stanisław Sterkowicz (Poland) – Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego, Kraków (sport sciences, combat
sports and martial arts)
Prof. Dr habil. Włodzimierz Starosta (Poland) – Instytut Sportu, Warszawa (kinesiology)
Prof. Dr habil. Andrzej Szyszko-Bohusz (Poland) – the Higher School of Humanities in Żary (pedagogy, psychology)
Prof. Dr Craig Webster (Cyprus) – University of Nicosia (sociology, tourism)
Prof. Dr Howard Z. Zeng (USA) – Brooklyn College, City University of New York (sport pedagogy)


BOARD OF EXPERTS:

Prof. Dr Chuchchai Gomaratut (Thailand) – University of Bangkok, GM of Thai martial arts
Prof. EJKC Roland Habersetzer (France) – 9 dan karatedo, sogo-budo tengu-no michi, soke, Tengu Institute, St. Nabor (history, martial arts)
Prof. Dr habil. Keith R. Kernspecht (Bulgaria) – GM, 10th degree Wing Tsun kung-fu, 6th degree escrima (fighting,
martial arts)
Prof. Dr James R. Lee-Barron (UK) – 9 dan jujutsu, hanshi, president of IMAS (education, martial arts)
Dr Roland J. Maroteaux (France) – 9 dan aikijutsu, hanshi, WTMF Avignon (philosophy, martial arts)
Prof. EJKC Lothar Sieber meijin (Germany) - 10 dan jujutsu, karate & ido, IPA & DDBV, Munich (fighting,
martial arts)
Dr Jan Słopecki hanshi (Poland) - 10 dan jujutsu, European Jujustu & Kobudo Committee president, Warsaw
(physical culture, martial arts)
Prof. Dr habil. Wojciech Zabłocki (Poland) - GM of fencing, IPA, Warsaw (architecture, hoplology)


EDITORIAL STAFF

Editor-in-Chief – Prof. UR Dr habil. Wojciech J. Cynarski
Co-Editor – Doc. Dr habil. Zdenko Reguli (Czech Rep.), Prof. Dr habil. Kazimierz Obodyński
Scientific Editor – Prof. Dr Willy Pieter (South Korea)
Statistical Editor – Dr Wojciech Błażejewski
Assistant Editors – mgr Adrian Piórko-Pawliński, mgr Przemysław Pawelec
Proofreaders – mgr Joanna Skowron, Marjolein Thrower (UK)
Project of Cover – mgr Ryszard Śpiewak, mgr Adrian Piórko-Pawliński

Journal was founded with a resolution of the Idōkan Polska

Ass. Headquarters in Rzeszów, May 25, 2000.


Funding bodies:

Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Idokan
Polska Ass., with support of the University of Rzeszów
Copyright © 2012 by Committee of Scientific Research,
Stowarzyszenie Idokan Polska®, Poland


Publisher:

Stowarzyszenie Idōkan Polska /
Idōkan Poland Association in Rzeszów,
ul. Towarnickiego 3, PL - 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
(www.idokan.pl)


Editorial & Publisher

(address for correspondence and submission):
Prof. UR Dr habil. Wojciech J. Cynarski,
Zawale Str. 27, PL - 38-100 Strzyżów, Poland
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Typesetting, pagination and editing:
Wojciech Paczek

Printed in Poland, Printing:
Sowa - Druk na życzenie
www.sowadruk.pl, tel. 022 431-81-40

Edition: 550 copies

old ISSN PL-1730-2064, new p-ISSN 2084-3763; e-ISSN 2082-7571 (priority for references)


Indexed in:

MNiSW / Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education – 10 points (since Jan. 2013)
ARIANTA. NAUKOWE I BRANŻOWE POLSKIE CZASOPISMA ELEKTRONICZNE
BazHum
DOAJ - Directory of Open Access Journals
EBSCO / SPORT Discus
Elsevier / SCOPUS
Index Copernicus International – ICV = 6.13 (for 2012)
and Google Scholar

Abstracted in: www.IndexCopernicus.com; www.idokan.pl

Publishing of this journal (volume 13) was co-financed by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education.