Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

Abstract - Pedagogical aspects of practicing aikido by children

Teaching aikido may have beneficial impact on children as far as health is concerned, safe falling, development of motor features and future sport progression. In the author’s opinion, in methodology of training aikido we should start from general issues to details. Synthetic teaching should prevail, possibly complex. It is better to show a given movement sequence as a whole than split it into segments. Of course, it is difficult to teach the whole movement sequence at once. However, it is important to extract from the trainee those elements which are already mastered and internally coded. Children may be discouraged by too analytical teaching of movement ac­tivities and only later putting all pieces together step by step. Such an approach may prolong the teaching process. The trainers are responsible for complex shaping of a child, including the physical as well as mental sphere. It is indispensable to achieve the effect of understanding at children while learning. Everyone must be conscious that in the process of self-defence, first of all we refer to some defined rules. Only complying to these rules leads to a specific technique of self-defence against attack. The aikido trainer shapes both the body of a child and its mind. Physical education classes should be more oriented for this. More effort put on fixing children attention, arousing their interest, shaping minds may result in making physical education classes much more attractive.