Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

Abstract - Safe falls in the lessons of physical education

The aim of the study is changing the paradigm of connecting physical education with jūdō to other axiologically richer varieties of budō (e.g. jūjutsu).
The authors attempted to evaluate usefulness of elements of the original jūjutsu system in physical education on the example of the skill of safe falling down (so called falls)[1]. This work has a crucial applicable dimension.

Material and method

The authors analyze the issue on the ground of the analytical method (which concerns the contents of the literature on the subject and expert’s opinions) and observation as well as their own experience (the result of 30-year studies of far eastern martial arts and combat sports as well as 20 years of experience as a trainer in case of the first of the authors).
The material is the jūjutsu program (idōkan yōshin-ryū style) [„Biuletyn... SIP”; Cynarski 2006], which elements are here photographically recorded and evaluated in their applicable func­tion.


The following arguments should decide about recommending jūjutsu for the program of phy­sical education at school,
historical aspects – jūjutsu is the root from which both jūdō and aikidō as well as some other related varieties of martial arts come;
the utilitarian value – the real usefulness of jūjutsu in self-defense;
great variety of teaching programs of old famous schools and some contemporary jū­jutsu organizations;
paradoxically greater educational values of jūjutsu (in comparison to jūdō)
Moreover, apart from the techniques of falling during the lessons of PE it is worth to use such elements of this old Japanese martial art as hōjō undō (introductory exercises), concentrating and breathing exercises.

[1] Within the Project: Interdisciplinary, multiaspect studiem on the phenomenon of martial arts (SIP grant). Subject 1.1. Theoretical and methodological studies on Asian martial arts